PROCESSES OF WORD FORMATION IN ENGLISH AND ARABIC

March 18, 2018 | Penulis: mohmednasser | Kategori:
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Deskripsi

This paper discusses word formation in both English and Arabic. Processes of word formation are the
bases upon which words are formed in a language. Firstly, the paper introduces word formation as to
definition and processes, along with a few previous studies. Secondly, processes of word formation are
discussed in English, and then in Arabic. Then, these processes are compared. Finally, certain
conclusions, as well as some further areas of research, are proposed. There are different types of these
processes. In English, there are eleven processes of word formation; they are acronymy, blending,
borrowing, antonomasia, conversion, backformation, compounding, derivation, clipping, folk etymology,
and coinage. In Arabic, there are nine processes of word formation; they include acronymy, blending,
borrowing, antonomasia, conversion, backformation, compounding, derivation, and clipping. In English,
as well as in Arabic, processes of word formation vary with respect to use: some processes are common,
while others are rare. Blending is also known as ‘portmanteau’. Clipping has another term that is
‘abbreviation’. Antonomasia is sometimes called ‘eponymy’. Coinage might as well be called
‘neologism’.
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